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Re: Godwin, King Harold II to the Norwood Family
Posted by: Lloyd Rolfes II (ID *****1622) Date: January 06, 2011 at 14:47:53
In Reply to: Godwin, King Harold II to the Norwood Family by Helen of 1715

I am not an expert researcher, but this is what I have found....
•       GODWIN of WESSEX was born Abt. 987, and died 15 Apr 1053 in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England. He married (1) Thra Sveynsdottir. She was born Abt. 993 in Denmark, and died 1018. He married (2) GYTHA of DENMARK Abt. 1020. She was born in Denmark, and died Aft. 1069 in Flanders. md 1020 Githa; he d 1053; was an English Statesman. His parentage is uncertain, but thought to be a son of Wulfnoth of Sussex who was a son of Ethelmer who was a son of Ethelric. Godwin became chief adviser to King Canute; was made earl of Wessex, and was given great wealth and lands. After Canute's death, Godwin and King Canute's widow, Queen Emma (of Normandy), supported the claims of the throne of her son by Canute, Harthacanute, against those of Harold Harefoot, Canute's son by AElgifu of Northampton. Godwin apparently permitted the murder of another claimant to the throne, Alfred AEtheling, son of Queen Emma by her first husband, AEthelred II, and brother of Edward (later Edward the Confessor). This brutality seems to have earned him the enmity of Harthacanute and of Edward, who succeeded Harthacanute. The king married Godwin's daughter in 1045 and Godwin was the most powerful Earl in England. An Anglo-Danish noble, he rose to power under Canute, after whose death Godwin supported the acession of Edward the Confessor and became a dominant figure in royal government. In 1045 his daughter Edith married Edward. He was overthrown in 1051 but regained his position by force in 1052. He was suceeded by his son Harold. Died of Apoplexy. Godwin is interred: Winchester Cathedral,Winchester,England. Godwin & Gytha begat….
•       Harold II Godwineson, b. 1022, d. 1066. King of England, rival of William I (William the Conqueror). Harold was the son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex. He belonged to the most powerful noble family of England in the reign of EDWARD THE CONFESSOR. Through Godwin's rise, Harold was made earl of a part of East Anglia. The fall of Godwin in 1051 however, involved the family and all went into exile. Harold went to Ireland where he recruited a strong force and brought it to the English coast. In 1053 he joined his father and brothers in the expedition against England. Godwin recovered power and Harold was restored to his old earldom. He was not as high in the favor of the king as was his brother, Tostig, but his succession in the earldom of Wessex and to great estates at his father's death made Harold the most powerful figure in England except the king, and Harold aspired to become heir to the throne. Harold gained some glory by a great campaign against the Welsh leader, Gruffyd Ap Llywelyn in 1062-63. About this time Harold, on a ship in the English Channel was driven by an adverse wind to the coast of Ponthieu. The count of Ponthieu seized him but was, as William's vassal, forced to surrender Harold to William of Normandy. Harold was compelled to take an oath to support William's candidacy to the English throne, and also agreed to marry William's daughter. Returning to England, Harold renounced his oath as one of coercion. When the Northumbrians revolted against Harold's brother Tostig (made earl of Northumbria in 1055), and chose Morkere in his place as earl of Northumbria, Harold took Morkere's part. The family was thus divided when EDWARD THE CONFESSOR died, naming Harold as heir instead of Edgar Atheling. Harold succeeded to the throne also as the choice of the council. William of Normandy immediately undertook an

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invasion. At the same time, Tostig, with Harold III of Normandy, invaded England from the north. Harold went north and soundly defeated them on 25 Sep 1066 at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, in which both Tostig and Harold III were slain. The harassed king hurried south to oppose William who had landed at Pevensey. Harold established his forces in hastily built earthworks near Hastings. They fought valiantly but were finally put to rout and Harold himself was killed. The recorded Norwood history begins at the time of William The Conqueror. The romance of King Harold of England and Edith Swannaschells lasted all their lives. When King Harold was killed by William in the Battle of Hastings on 14 Oct 1066, it was Edith who recognized him among the dead. Alnod Cilt (aka Jordanus de Scapeia), of Swedish and Danish descent, the reputed oldest son of King Harold and Edith, took refuge with his mother at Minster Abbey on the Isle of Sheppey during the reign of William. The Isle of Sheppey is north of Kent, near the mouth of the Thames River. It is about ten and one half miles long from east to west and about five miles wide from north to south. It is low lying, just above sea level, very fertile and most of it is treeless. There is a small strip of timber on the north side. In the north center of the island is an elevation of about two hundred feet. The island is separated from the mainland by the river today. The prong that separates it is called Swale. The island received it's name from the fact that many sheep were raised there as they are today. The name, Jordanus, or Jordan, is thought to have been assumed after a pilgrimage to the Holy Land where he bathed in the River Jordan. Harold II and EDITH SWANNASCHELLS begat…
•       Jordanus de Sheppey, b. abt. 1042 and died abt. 1126, buried at Minster Church where his tomb remains without any inscription or memorial except for the family coat of arms. Jordanus married Cicely Wilmar and begat…
•       Stephan de Scapeia (Sheppey), b. 1190, Sheppey, Kent, England d. 1231, Milton, Kent. Married Joan, b. 1204, Milton, Kent, England. The Norwood family built two manor houses, the manor on the Isle of Sheppey was known as "Norwood Manor" within Sheppey. Stephen de Northwode built a manor in the Parish of Milton. It was known as "Norwood without Sheppey" and also known as "Norwood Chasteners." Stephen, son of Jordan de Sheppey, who lived in the reigns of Richard I and King John, obtained a grant from the crown and built a mansion here, which he moated round and encompassed with a park, well wooded and stored with abundance of deer and wild boars. Hence, he assumed the name of Northwode, which was borne by all his descendants. Stephen, the son of Jordan de Sheppey and Cicely, Stephen & Joan married in 1225 & begat…
•       Sir Roger de Northwoode, Knight, b. 1226, Milton, Kent, England. d. 1285, m.1253, Bonnefille (Bonna Fitz Bernard) de Waltham, b.1233, Waltham, Essex. Sir Roger de Northwode was a minor at his father's death, he was of age in 1247. In Sep 1275, he was knighted; he was commissioned for many public services. He was in charge of Dover Castle prior to 8 Jan 1259. In Sep 1265 he was a knight commissioned in Kent to take the lands of the rebels into the king's hands; served as steward of Archbishop of Canterbury. From 1275 or 1276 until his death he was Baron of the Exchequer. Sir Roger took an interest in the old monastery of St. Sexburge for it had been long neglected. He made many repairs and donated to the monastery, "wherefore among the servants of God, he is to this day called the restorer of that house." Sir Roger died 9 Nov 1286 and

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is buried at Minster. Sir Roger Norwood md Bona Fitzbernard, aka Bona de Waltham. Adding to his wealth, Bona brought to her husband the Manors of Shorne and Thornham. Sir Roger & Bonnefille begat…
•       Sir John de Northwoode, Lord b.1254, Milton, Kent, d. 1319, 1275 married Joan de Badlesmere, b.1260, Shalford, Essex. Lord John de Northwode, son of Sir Roger and Bona de Northwode, was b 24 Jun 1254, d 26 1319 buried Minister Abbey; Sheriff of Kent 1292-1300; md Lady Joan Badlesmere, d 2 Jun 1391, buried Minister Abbey. This marriage added a great deal to the family fortune for she owned the manors of Horton near Canterbury and Beausfelde near Dover in the county of Kent. She also possessed certain tenements in Southwarke in the county of Surry and Rents in the City of London. Joan Badlesmere was probably the dau of Giles de Badlesmere and therefore the sister of the infamous Bartholomew de Badlesmere who was hung for treason 14 Apr 1322. Sir John de Northwode was summoned 8 Jun 1294 with about sixty others to advise the king on urgent affairs. He was summoned for military service abroad in 1297 and 1298. He was sent to Scotland on military service. He was knighted at Carlaverock in 1300 by Edward I. In 1308, he and his wife were summoned to the coronation of Edward II. He was summoned to Parliament 8 January 1312/3 to 20 March 1318/9 where he was given the title Lord Northwode. In Jun 1317, with his son, John, and six other Kentish notables, he went to Dover to meet the cardinals, Sir Luke deFlisco, Deacon of St. Mary in Via Lata and Sir Gauselin Johannis, Priest of SS. Marcellus and Peter, sent to England at the king's request to work for peace between England and Scotland. Sir John & Joan begat…
•       John de Northwoode, b.1279, Milton, Kent, England, d.1318, son of Lord John and Lady Joan de Northwode, md 1306, Agnes Grandison, d 4 Dec 1348, dau of Lord William Grandison and his wife Sibyl Tregoz. On 3 Feb 1308, Sir John and his wife were summoned to the coronation of Edward II. Sir John d bef 8 Sep 1318, which was before his father's death. Sir John & Agnes begat…
•       Lord Roger de Northwoode, b. 1307, Milton, Kent married Juliana de Say, b.1309, West Greenwich, Kent, m. 1323. Roger de Northwode, b 26 Mar 1307,one of the most interesting of our early ancestors, son of Sir John and Agnes de Northwode. The Norwood family was very prominent and held in high regard. Lady Idonia de Leyburne de Say, widow of Geoffrey de Say, wanted to make sure that her dau Juliana de Say md Roger de Northwode; Idonia gained control of Roger's guardianship and the marriage took place before he was 14 years of age. He was a father about the time he was 14 years old. It is through the marriage of Roger de Northwode and Juliana de Say that their descendants claim descent from an earlier Geoffrey de Saye, who was a Magna Charta Baron. Geoffrey de Saye, 11th Magna Charta Surety was b ca 1155, son of Geoffrey de Saye I. It was a Geoffrey de Saye, three generations later, who md Idonia de Layburn, and heiress of the Bigood family who brought the estate of Knoll, Kent into the de Saye family. Knoll house is one of the show places of England at the present day. The de Leyburn family was an outstanding and well-connected family. Thomas de Leyburn, brother of Idonia de Leyburn de Say, md Alice de Toni, dau of Ralph de Toni and Lady Alice de Bohun. After the death of Sir Thomas de Leyburn, his widow, Lady Alice de Toni Leyburn, md Guy Beauchamp, 2nd Earl of Warwick, as his second wife. Sir Geoffrey de Say, son of Lady Idonia de Leyburn de Say, md Maud de

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Beauchamp, dau. of Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, by his first wife. Juliana de Say de
Northwode d 20 Feb 1329. In all, Roger de Northwode md five times. Each marriage was a very profitable one. Roger de Northwode received his inheritance on 26 Apr 1327. In 1334 he was sent to Scotland. He held several public offices and on 3 Apr 1360, he was summoned to Parliament by Edward III. After Juliana's death, Roger md Elizabeth, widow of Richard Foliot, and dau of John de Segrave on 25 Jun 1331. She d 11 Dec 1335 at Canterbury and is buried in Sheppey. His third marriage was to Margaret, widow of Sir Nicholas Halgton. Lady Margaret and her husband, Sir Nicholas, had two daughters; Beatrice md Sir Ralph St. Leger and Margaret md Sir Roger de Northwode, son of Lord Roger de Northwode and his first wife, Juliana de Say. These two marriages have caused confusion of the two Margarets and the two Rogers. Lady Margaret, wife of Lord Roger de Norwode, died after an accident on 31 Dec 1340. She was watching persons digging into a fox hole to get a fox. The dirt caved in on her and she was buried. It took some time to rescue her. She did not die then but later died of injuries that she had received. Soon after Easter in 1342, Lord Northwode md a fouth wife, Joan, widow of Thomas de Faversham. Joan d May 1356. On 1 Aug 1356 Lord Northwode md for the fifth time to Agnes, dau of Robert de Stone of Dartforth and widow of Sir John de Cobham. Lord Roger de Northwode d 5 Nov 1361. Lord Roger & Juliana begat…
•       Sir John de Northwoode, b. 1321(25), Milton, Kent, d. 1379, married Joan, daughter of Robert Hert (Hare/Hart/Here) b.1310 . Faversham, Kent. John served in France in 1355 and 1359. Sir John was summoned to Parliament from June 1363 to 28 Dec 1375 by Edward III. In 1369 Sir John was a joint commissioner to muster all men-at-arms to serve for the defense of Sheppey. Sir John de Northwode, Lord Northwode, d 27 Feb 1378/9. No further summonses to Parliament were issued to this family. In 1350, Sir John md Joan, dau of Robert Here (Hare/Hart/Hert) of Faversham. Sir John & Joan begat…
•       James de Northwood, b. 1354, married Jane Clynton and begat….
•       John de Norwood, b. 1400, d. 1460(89), married Elizabeth Elton (de Etton), daughter of Miles
Elton, who was the son of Sir John of Elton. John Norwood d in 1489 and is buried at Milton
Church. John Norwood left a will in Kent. The will is recorded in the Public Records Office in
London. John & Elizabeth begat….
•       John Norwood, b. 1440(55) d. 1509, married Eleanor Gifford, b.1450 & died around 1496.
Elenor was the daughter of Sir John and Ann Gifford, a powerful family of Gloucestershire.
Elenor brought Leckhampton Manor to the Norwood family. Leckhampton was built in the
fourteenth century; the unique Tudor chimneys and the fine perpendicular porch were added by
John Norwood. For more than 300 years, the Norwood family lived here in great splendor, and
although they suffered with the Royalists in the Civil Wars, they again came into their own at the
restoration of Charles II. For generations this branch of the Norwood family continued to make
successful marriages that connected them to the Nobility and the Royalty of England. Amoung
these families are the Lygons of Madresfield Court in Worcestershire, the Throckmortons of
Caughton Court in Worcestershire, the Berkeleys of Berkley Castle in Gloucestershire and John,
Duke of Lancaster, son of Edward III, King of England. John & Elenor begat…
•       Roger Norwood, b. 1470 & d. 13, July 1512. He married Alice Boteler (Butler), around 1500.
Alice is the daughter of Sir John Boteler, Knight of Badminton County, Gloucester, and his wife
Alice Langston.

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